The nutritional goal for preterm infants is to achieve a postnatal growth rate, tissue composition, and functional outcome that is as close as possible to that of a normal fetus at the same postmenstrual age.1
For example, the difference in a length z-score change of +0.77 for an infant boy 36 0/7 weeks’ postmenstrual age (PMA)4
* Study did not specify brand or product type fed to infants
BSID=Bayley Scales of Infant Development; CA=corrected age; SD=standard deviation; VLBW=very low birth weight
* Included parenteral and enteral protein intake
CA=corrected age; ELBW=extremely low birth weight; MDI=Mental Development Index
References: 1. Koletzko B et al. Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants: Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines. Basel, Switzerland: Karger; 2014; 1-314. 2. Tsang RC et al. eds. Nutritional of the Preterm Infant: Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines. 2nd ed. Cincinnati, OH: Digital Educational Publishing, Inc. 2005. 3. Tsang RC et al. eds. Nutritional Needs of the Preterm Infant: Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines. Pawling, NY: Caduceus Medical Publishers, Inc. 1993. 4. Olsen IE et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014; 58:409-416. 5. Stoll BJ et al. Pediatrics. 2010; 126:443-456. 6. Pfister KM et al. Pediatr Res. 2013; 74:576-583. 7. Ramel SE et al. Neonatology. 2012; 102:19-24. 8. Stephens BE et al. Pediatrics. 2009; 123:1337-1343.