Important for maintaining proper blood calcium and phosphorus concentrations, vitamin D plays an important role in bone mineralization.1
Sources of vitamin D include exposure of the skin to sun and fortified foods, such as milk.1
In a multi-center study, 120 preterm infants (≤32 weeks’ gestation) were evaluated for vitamin D stores. Of these3:
2014 Global Expert Recommendations are redefining the nutritional needs of preterm infants including for key nutrients like Vitamin D.3
* Serum 25 (OH) D concentrations <50 nmol/L at birth † Vitamin D recommendations are 400-1000 IU/day from formula and supplements; 100-350 IU/100 kcal from formula only3
References: 1. American Academy Committee on Nutrition. In: Kleinman RE, Greer FR, eds. Pediatric Nutrition. 7th ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics;2014. 2. Monangi N et al. Vitamin D status of early preterm infants and the effects of vitamin D intake during hospital stay Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2014;99:F166-F168. 3. Koletzko B et al, eds. Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants: Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines. Basel, Switzerland: Karger; 2014:1-314.